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Stuart Gardens Nursery

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Planting Guide
Planting Perennials
 
Most plants can be divided into 4 categories.

 
Product Description
 Plants such as Iris should be planted with the roots just above the surface of the ground and the rhizome just on the surface.
 Plants such as Peonies should be planted with the tips of the buds just below the surface of the ground - about 1 inch. Peonies will not bloom well if planted too deeply or if deprived of plant food.
 Plants with leaves that spring from the crown should be planted with the crown just above the soil line.
 Plants with a fleshy root such as hollyhocks should be planted with the tap root straight down and the bud just below the surface of the soil.
 
 
Spread the roots out. Bring soil in contact with roots and compact firmly. Water thoroughly.

Soil should be well worked in specially prepared beds 2 to 2-1/2 feet deep with good drainage. Plant food and plenty of humus are necessary ingredients for successful perennial flower growing. Most perennials respond best when planted in a sunny location. The average planting distance for perennials is 1 foot apart. Vigorous growers like peonies and mallows require as much as 3 feet.

A mulch of hay, straw or leaves applied to the ground will prevent injury to most perennials.
 
Many perennials grow rapidly and need to be divided every 2 - 3 seasons. Large clumps produce fewer blooms.
 
Perennials can be divided and reset in the fall or early spring.

 
Planting Fall Bulbs for Spring Flowers

Bulbs which bloom in the spring such as Tulips, Narcissi and Hyacinths should be planted in the fall. The bulbs should be planted in good soil with natural drainage. The best soil for growing bulbs is fibrous loam well supplied with sharp sand and bone meal.
 
Tulips should be planted one inch deeper than indicated if the soil is not too heavy and there location is permanent. Deeper planting will prolong the effective life of the Tulip bulb. Narcissus may be planted in grassy areas or woodlands. Allow the foliage to yellow before cutting back.
 
The most desirable soil for Lilies is a well draining, loose sandy loam which should be enriched with a top layer of manure. Plant Lilies 4 - 6 inches deep for base rooting types and 5 - 8 inches for stem rooting types. Tip the bulbs slightly to their sides and surround with a few handfuls of sand to assure sharp drainage around the bulb. Lilies may be left in the ground from year to year.
 
Planting Summer Flowering Bulbs and Tubers
 
Most summer flowering bulbs are warm weather plants and care should be taken NOT to plant them too early in the season. Cannas, Tuberous Begonias and Dahlias may be started in flats indoors and set out after the danger of frost has passed. Gladioli may be planted at 10 day intervals for a succession of blooms - allow 70 - 90 days for maturity.